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Docker Cheatsheet

Published on December 24, 2020

This document was migrated from DigiDocs

In this section you will find my notes on using Docker for the deployment of Git projects.

Useful Docker commands


You do not have to write out the CONTAINER_ID in full. The partial CONTAINER_ID specified need only uniquely identify the container. Given a container 'aa151b912448' and 'aa153cd14238', docker logs aa15 will not work, but docker logs aa151 will.

Starting an interactive shell

docker exec -it [CONTAINER_ID] bash

Stopping and removing containers

docker stop $(docker ps -q)
docker rm $(docker ps -aq)

docker ps options:

  • -q: Only display numeric IDs
  • -a: Show all containers (default shows just running)

Inspecting container metadata

docker inspect [CONTAINER_ID]

Viewing container logs

Typical command:

docker logs [CONTAINER_ID]

Follow log output for a specified duration:

docker logs -f --until=[TIME]

TIME can be a TIMESTAMP or relative (e.g. '10m' or '5s')

Docker and Github

Deploy script

This script assumes that the working directory contains a .git directory, Dockerfile and package.json. A .gitignore and a .dockerignore file may be useful too. It is also assumed that the project dependencies have been installed using npm install.

VERSION="" # Can be left blank
CONTAINER_PORT="" # To be mapped to HOST_PORT
HOST_PORT="" # The port clients will access

docker stop $CONTAINER_NAME # Stop the running container
docker system prune -af # Removes the container and all unused images
git pull origin master # Pulls latest source files and image
docker build -t $IMAGE_NAME .

Before the script can be used, replace the following placeholders:

  • IMAGE_NAME : The name of your image.
  • VERSION : The version of your image. Can be left blank.
  • CONTAINER_NAME : The desired name of your container.
  • CONTAINER_PORT : The port of your container which your application is running on.
  • HOST_PORT : The host port your container port will be mapped to. This is the port that is exposed on the host system.